35. Threading – using the correct Anvil
CNC: Anvils in threading tools – small things that make a big difference
A thread is actually a groove cut at an angle, a helical groove. The angle of the threading tip must match the helix angle of the groove, so that the clearance on both sides of the insert is equal, and one side doesn’t rub against the thread profile. Unequal clearances cause unequal cutting forces and tool wear, and result in poor dimensional accuracy and surface finish.
The insert is therefore seated at a sideways angle on an Anvil, or Shim – some manufacurers call it an anvil, and some call it a shim. The anvil orients the cutting edge so that it is perpendicular to the flank, and the clearance angle on both sides is equal. An appropriate anvil must be used based on the helix angle of the thread.
The picture shows the helix angle for various combinations of thread diameter and pitch. E.g., if the thread diameter is 50 mm and pitch is 4 mm, the helix angle is somewhere between 1 and 2 degrees, closer to 2. Cutting tool manufacturers have standard anvils from 0.5 and 4.5 degrees, in steps of 1 degree. Each coloured band in the picture represents an anvil angle. E.g., if your thread size falls in the white band, use an anvil of 0.5 degree.
Action point When you buy a threading holder, it comes with an anvil of 1.5 degrees. Use the graph in the picture above to quickly determine the anvil angle, and use the appropriate anvil.
Text source: CADEM Ncyclopedia multimedia CNC training software.
A memorable customer visit
One of my memorable customer visits was to a CNC job shop in a small village in Manesar, on the outskirts of the National Capital Region (NCR). After a very tasty and colourful Haryanvi lunch (dal, sabzi, raitha, salad and fried green chillies) I walked over to a carpenter’s shop next door, and was invited by the owner to smoke a hookah with him. In keeping with the leisurely pace of a village, he had a bunch of friends hanging around chatting and seemed to be spending more time at the hookah than on his work – my dream life.
View from customer’s works
My dream life
This must also be the only customer of ours who has peacocks roaming around the premises. I always find it delightful that these beautiful birds are so common in the NCR, roaming around like chickens. We used to have an office in Faridabad where they would be perched on the balcony wall in front through the day.